Animals consuming plastic can starve to death as the plastic fills their stomach preventing them from eating proper food, rupturing their organs or blocking food from traveling to the intestine. 0000193024 00000 n Although the full extent of the impact is not yet known, what we do know is that these microplastics are full of toxic chemicals, which are bad for our health. Here are 9 shocking facts about how much plastic is in the oceans. 4 billion plastic microfibers per square kilometer clutter the sea. Our actions over the 10 years will determine the state of the ocean for the next 10,000 years to come. The US is responsible for around 327 billion bags that end up in the seas. Between 4.8 and 12.7 million tonnes of plastic pieces are dumped into our oceans yearly. More than one million bags are used every minute. The list of horrible facts about plastics goes on and on. We’re here to help! The display could contain different facts and figures, as well as ways we can all help take action. It is not exactly a nice neat island that we can tidy away, it’s more like a ginormous plastic soup made of confetti like … We use them for only 12-15 minutes on average and bin over 1 million of them every minute. Most of our food and drink are wrapped up in it, its in the clothes we wear, and in the devices we use. Life in our oceans, rivers - and even on land - is at risk from plastic pollution. %PDF-1.4 Products containing microbeads can release 100,000 tiny beads with just one squeeze. Packaging is the largest end-use market segment accounting for just over 40% of total plastic usage. 1. /Filter /FlateDecode /Subtype /Image Only 10 river systems contribute to 90% of the plastic that flows into the sea. 0000193756 00000 n For example, the small plastic beads, called “microbeads”, that are often added to facewash or toothpaste. Over a year ago, a group called Ocean Cleanup began using a huge floating screen to try to clean up plastic pollution in the ocean. Yearly, up to 12.7 million tonnes of plastic enters our oceans. Experts think that by 2050, the amount of plastic in the ocean will weigh more than the amount of fish in the ocean. So how does trash get into the ocean? Plastic in the Ocean – the facts and figures… 700… different species of animals are believed to be severely threatened because of plastic pollution in the ocean. Ocean pollution facts for kids are coming in our very especial education group of articles about ocean and facts for kids to learn more about the world and the whole universe. 1. For example, the small plastic beads, called “microbeads”, that are often added to facewash or toothpaste. How many fish & marine life die from plastic pollution in the ocean? Ocean pollution facts for kids are coming in our very especial education group of articles about ocean and facts for kids to learn more about the world and the whole universe. Tiny bits of plastic, called “microplastics”, are made in two main ways. Dr Jenna Jambeck, who led the study said that this is "equal to about five plastic bags full of plastic for every foot of coastline around the world." Out of the 381 million tonnes of plastic waste a year, only 9% of single-use plastics are recycled, with the remainder ending up in landfill & the sea. /Outlines 184 0 R Every year, over 17 trillion pounds (7.72 trillion kilograms) of plastic are washed into the oceans. 197 0 obj The Pacific Ocean is the biggest ocean of the world and covers more than 30% of the Earth's surface.. The animals can also be hurt when plastic fishing lines get wrapped around their bodies. Combine this with the chemicals released from producing plastic, means we are vastly influencing the toxicity of our air and ecosystem, which inevitably leads to health issues of wildlife and humans. According to World Economic Forum researchers, just 10 rivers across Asia and Africa carry 90% of the plastic that ends up in the oceans. The plastic waste statistics below tell you everything you need to know about how much damage we’re doing to the ocean’s ecosystem, marine life and how it impacts humanity. 0000196008 00000 n Ask that instead, they clean out these items and bring them in to make a classroom display about the harmful effects of plastic on our oceans. Indonesia it self is in the second position as a country who has the biggest plastic pollution. The top 5 countries contribute to 60% of all ocean plastic pollution. Excessive marine pollution has helped create 500 dead zones (the size of the United Kingdom’s surface (245,000 km²) in the ocean – this number will double every decade. Understanding plastic pollution can feel overwhelming. Read here fun and important facts about our oceans everybody should know. These tiny pieces of plastic are less than 5mm in size. Here are 9 shocking facts about how much plastic is in the oceans. Plastic has been found as far as 11km deep, contaminating the most remote places on Earth. We’ve produced over 320 million tonnes of plastic to date, which is destroying parts of the environment; this is set to double by 2034. If 300 million metric tonnes of plastic waste are produced each year and 8 million metric tonnes end up in the ocean, this would mean that about 2.67% of plastic waste ends up in the ocean. Plastics also poison the animals that eat them. 201 0 R /TT0 204 0 R /T1_1 208 0 R >> >> Over time, toxins accumulate onto floating and drifting fragmented plastic debris, and are eventually ingested by marine life. This is a book backed up by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Great Pacific Garbage Patch. 0 193 0 obj Plastic and foam take thousands of years to break down in the ocean, if they break down at all. Scientists are very worried about plastic that ends up in the ocean. And there are around 33,600 species of fish, so there’s already a lot of fish in our seas. We discovered hundreds of thousands of species in the oceans, but according to scientists, there are still millions left to be found. The biggest polluting country in the world is China. << Plastic bags are one of the most controversial forms of plastic pollution today. Yay! Because they do not break down, things like plastic bags, bottles, and fishing lines collect in large areas of the ocean. 0000195386 00000 n 0000217098 00000 n Keep on reading to discover 50 facts about plastics in the ocean. Your return date must be after your departure date. is discarded into our oceans every minute. Sea turtles by-caught in fisheries operating within and around the patch can have up to 74% (by dry weight) of their diets composed of ocean plastics. Your typical clothes wash will produce around 700,000 microplastic fibers. /AIS false /SA true 6. Plastic pollution facts for kids. In world's oceans. The lack of oxygen in dead zones causes marine life to migrate to new areas – disrupting the balance of marine life in other parts. Experts think that by 2050, the amount of plastic in the ocean will weigh more than the amount of fish in the ocean. The sheer volume of plastic bottles we’re using combined with poor waste management & recycling only adds to the ocean pollution problem. More than 1 million seabirds and 100,000 marine animals die from plastic pollution every year. 50% of this is single-use plastic & only 9% has ever been recycled. On UK beaches there are 5000 pieces of plastic & 150 plastic bottles for each mile. Many plastic bottles used around the world are for drinking water, with China being the most responsible for the surge in demand over recent years. 90% of plastic polluting our oceans is carried by just 10 rivers. It can take anything between 20-1000 years for a plastic bag to break up. Annually approximately 500 billion plastic bags are used worldwide. Plastic is the most common element that is found in the ocean. The size of the plastic soup is impossible to know for sure. We don’t know whether these pollutants are being passed up the food chain to us humans, but it’s likely that they are an increasing risk to human health. The Top 10 worst offenders include Indonesia, the Philippines, Vietnam, Sri Lanka & Egypt. /ViewerPreferences << /Direction /L2R >> Eventually, much of the floating ocean plastic sinks to the sea floor or ends up on beaches all around the world. Where we are all contributing to the plastic problem, the country contributing the most to plastic in our oceans is China, producing 8.8 million metric tonnes of mismanaged waste and around 3.53 million metric tonnes of ocean plastic. /Height 1684 Every half second, this much plastic makes it into the world’s oceans: Taken at the UN’s Clean Seas Exhibit in New York. 1 in 3 fish for human consumption contains plastic. 196 0 obj The existence of life was first found in the Ocean. You’re in the learn section. Fact 1: On average, roughly 8 million metric tons of plastic is thrown into the ocean each year. Approximately 5,000 items of marine plastic pollution have been found per mile of beach in the UK. At least 8 million tons of plastic enter the oceans each year. 3. << of plastic pollution find their way into our ocean daily. The amount of plastic reaching the oceans each year is staggering at around eight million tonnes. 1. It’s Ocean. 0000216817 00000 n We rely on it to regulate our climate, absorb CO2 and it is the number one source for protein for over a billion people. Americans use an estimated 50 billion plastic water bottles a year. Along with larger mammals even the tiniest organisms can be impacted by toxic microplastics which in turn make their way up the food chain. Another example is cloth such as Polar fleece, which is made of lots of tiny plastic threads. A 2018 Scientific Report in Nature puts the size of the Great Pacific Garbage Patch at 1.6 million km2. /O 950 Sources: EcoWatch, BBC, RubiconGlobal, NBC, PlasticOceans1, PlasticOceans2, OceanCrusaders, VOX, Cotton Bud Project, ICUN. Kids Against Plastic. The first is when tiny bits of plastic are made on purpose. 0000193051 00000 n Pacific Ocean. THE OCEANS AND PLASTICS POLLUTION KS2 ACTIVITY HANDBOOK FOR TEACHERS Ocean plastics can harm marine life. xref 20+ Ocean Facts For Kids That Will Stir Your Curiosity. /Resources << /ExtGState << /GS0 196 0 R >> /XObject << /X0 197 0 R /X1 /Rotate 0 /CA 1 While this is great news in helping to reduce the billions of plastic straws we use every year, plastic straws only make up around 1% of plastic ocean waste. 79% of plastic waste is sent to landfills or the ocean, while only 9% is recycled, and 12% gets incinerated. 32% of plastic waste found was cigarette filters, 9% was food packaging, 8% bottle caps, and 6% tableware. In the North Pacific, a gyre or slowly swirling whirpool of ocean currents collects plastic debris. Less than 1 in 7 plastic bags are recycled. It’s bigger than Texas and around 3 times the size of France. A big part of the problem: pollution. Sources: The Guardian, World in Data, Ocean Crusaders, Plastic Oceans. It’s estimated seafood lovers eat 11,000 pieces of toxic plastic every year. 0000216716 00000 n The Plastic Facts. Over 8.3 billion tonnes of plastic has been made since its mass production began in the 1950s. Plastic is everywhere. The existence of life was first found in the Ocean. 100,000 marine animals are killed by plastic bags. Ocean pollution: 11 facts you need to know The ocean is the origin and the engine of all life on this planet — and it is under threat. /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB Sources: Earthsky, National Geographic, Market Watch. The ocean is said to be Earth’s life support, with 97% of the world’s water held by the ocean. << Here are ten shocking facts about how much plastic is in the oceans. /Parent 182 0 R Plastic contaminates our air, land, sea and can enter the human body through the food we eat, the water we drink and the air we breathe. >> Fact: Plastic rubbish doesn’t biodegrade. Along with this, major drinks companies such as Coca Cola produce the highest numbers of plastic bottles; analysis from Greenpeace estimates they produce over 100 billion plastic bottles a year. The book is very comprehensive, containing the abundant information about the ocean and why it is so important to minimize plastic pollution.It tells kids stories about wonderful inhabitants of the sea and how humans should be more considerate and respectful towards them. 193 22 /E 231024 Year by year, the plastic pollution crisis in our oceans is getting worse. It escapes from landfill sites, floats down our drains, ends up in rivers and makes its way into our oceans. /Length 175322 Sadly, the animals will slowly starve and die. Packaging is the largest end-use market segment accounting for just over 40% of total plastic usage. Annually approximately 500 billion plastic bags are used worldwide. Bottles can last for 450 years, they will be ingested by marine life and as these plastics break down they will create thousands of floating microplastics, which are life-threatening to fish and mammals. This trash vortex is a collection of two distinct patches connected by the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre. /Width 1191 Combine this with the chemicals released from producing plastic, means we are vastly influencing the. Marine environments are becoming dead zones due to toxin pollution. It’s not only the single-use plastic, such as plastic bottles and straws you use but the microbeads in your cosmetics, the fibres in your clothing and in your teabags. Recent estimates suggest there are 150 plastic bottles every mile of the UK coastline. /Lang (en-GB) A great deal of plastic waste winds up in the oceans, where it can hurt animals. It contains 8 trillion bits of plastic, weighing more than 80,000 tonnes. The first is when tiny bits of plastic are made on purpose. It’s Ocean. Eventually, much of the floating ocean plastic sinks to the sea floor or ends up on beaches all around the world. Tiny bits of plastic, called “microplastics”, are made in two main ways. /Length 435 8.3 billion plastic straws pollute the world’s beaches, but only 1% of straws end up as waste in the ocean. Interesting Ocean Pollution Facts: Some of the ocean pollution that we can see includes floating plastic, oil spills, and trash. Over 2 million tonnes of plastic packaging are used in the UK each year. A great deal of plastic waste winds up in the oceans, where it can hurt animals. /Contents 213 0 R Please confirm you agree to the use of cookies as set in our Cookie Policy. Because they do not break down, things like plastic bags, bottles, and fishing lines collect in large areas of the ocean. 0000216161 00000 n We’re here to help! Plastic is the biggest contributor towards both land and ocean pollution. The five world oceans are the Pacific Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean and the Arctic Ocean. Spread the Word. Giant garbage patches (one twice the size of Texas) can be found floating around in the oceans. /Type /XObject Less than half of the bottles bought in 2016 were recycled. There are numerous reasons for ocean pollution, including toxic chemicals, nuclear waste and oil spillages, but plastic waste is high on that list. of plastic pieces are dumped into our oceans yearly. 4. Plastic is the most common element that is found in the ocean. They are often found as microbeads, in toothpastes and cosmetics. Only 1% of marine litter floats, everything else sinks to the sea floor. Sea turtles and other animals may eat the plastic. 0000001114 00000 n 0000215539 00000 n Hey Kids! The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is around 1.6 million square kilometers – bigger than Texas. /Type /Page The name 'Pacific' come from the Latin word 'pacificus' which means peaceful. The impact this has on the ecosystem, marine life and humans are potentially irreversible. 46% of the rubbish in the garbage patch is made up of fishing nets. trailer 0000000017 00000 n Yearly, up to 12.7 million tonnes of plastic enters our oceans. It’s not only the single-use plastic, such as plastic bottles and straws you use but the microbeads in your cosmetics, the fibres in your clothing … If 300 million metric tonnes of plastic waste are produced each year and 8 million metric tonnes end up in the ocean, this would mean that about 2.67% of plastic waste ends up in the ocean. It’s a different world under the water. Do you know the most amazing place on Earth? 3. The patch is comprised of 705,000 tonnes of marine-based activities such as fishing nets and around 56% comes from land-based activities – the main culprits here being Asia and North America. The Problem with Plastic. 30 113% increase by 2040 29 y 41 d 07 h 11 m 24 s. Time left until there is more plastic than fish. Single use plastic is responsible for killing over 100,000 marine animals a year. Current estimates show that at last 8 million pieces of plastic are entering the oceans every single day. Maximum of 9 passengers allowed on the outward. Activity Book: Be an Ocean Guardian. At the rate our seafood is ingesting plastic, it’s highly likely we, at some stage, have consumed microplastics from the fish we eat. endstream Other top offenders include Indonesia, Philippines, Vietnam, Sri Lanka & Egypt. With no changes to current production, consumption, or waste management of plastic, by 2040 almost 30 million metric tons of plastic will end up in the ocean per year. Only 9% of this plastic has been recycled, the other 91% sits in landfill, floats in our oceans or has been burned. Copyright © Condor Ferries ltd 2020. en is produced by marine plants and 30% of CO2 emissions are absorbed by the oceans. Broadcast: Tue 18 Sep 2012, 10:00am Transcript The five world oceans are the Pacific Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean and the Arctic Ocean. A plastic bottle left on the beach may last for more than 450 years in the marine environment. /TrimBox [ 0 0 595.276 841.89 ] It’s a different world under the water. startxref 95% of US adults have levels of BPA in their urine. 0000193078 00000 n Animals can become entangled in fishing nets and plastic rings. 198 0 R >> /Properties << /MC0 199 0 R /MC1 200 0 R >> /Font << /T1_0 Sources. How many animals die from ocean plastic pollution? The Pacific Trash Vortex, ranges from the West Coast of North America to Japan and is around 617,763 square miles in size. While this is great news in helping to reduce the billions of plastic straws we use every year, plastic straws only make up around 1% of plastic ocean waste. Bursting with wildlife and teeming with mysteries to be solved, our oceans are one of the most amazing habitats on Earth. Our oceans are being filled and killed by throwaway plastics. 10 facts about marine litter… 1. How many animals die from ocean plastic pollution? The world uses over 500 billion plastic bags a year – that’s 150 for each person on Earth. endobj /BitsPerComponent 8 However, at the rate we are polluting the ocean with around 12.7 million tonnes of plastic a year, the damage we are doing to marine life and our ecosystem is becoming irreparable. /OPM 1 Here are nine shocking facts about how much plastic is in the oceans: 1. As only 1% of this plastic floats, everything else sinks to the floor polluting the most remote places on earth. Problems & Concerns. Despite the vastness of Earth’s oceans, plastic pollutants are turning up everywhere, from the deep sea to the Arctic ice pack. The study states that eight of these rivers are in Asia: the Yangtze, Indus, Yellow, Hai He, Ganges, Pearl, Amur, and Mekong. Our materials are produced by scientific researchers and build on our 10 years expertise as leaders in plastic and the oceans. 0000193421 00000 n And it’s now also in the deepest part of the oceans and in the most remote parts of the world. This figure could be quite inaccurate, as it depends on two estimates (the amount of plastic produced and the amount that enters the ocean). Sources: Ocean, Interesting Engineering, National Geographic,  EPA, Friends of the Earth, Earth Eclipse. So, no wonder if you will see plastic pollution almost everywhere. This is the first interesting facts of ocean pollution. Plastic is one of the most common ocean pollutants. More than two-thirds of the world’s fish stocks are suffering from plastic ingestion. Industry spills, waste being flushed down toilets & badly managed landfill sites near the coast contribute to the problem. Every half second, this much plastic makes it into the world's oceans: Taken at the UN's Clean Seas Exhibit in New York. Interesting Ocean Pollution Facts: Some of the ocean pollution that we can see includes floating plastic, oil spills, and trash. Land contributes to around 80% of plastic waste, with one of the biggest contributors being single-use plastics such as bags and packaging. /Filter [ /FlateDecode /DCTDecode ] If we know that there are Fourteen billion pounds of garbage, mostly plastic, is dumped into the ocean every year, then we will surely know that's our responsibility to stop it. 14% of all litter is from drinks containers. Plastics consistently make up 60 to 90% of all marine debris studied. In one case in the Philippines a curvier beaker whale was found vomiting blood with over 88 pounds of plastic in its belly. 24/10/2019 . Plastic pollution - Plastic pollution - Plastic pollution in oceans and on land: Since the ocean is downstream from nearly every terrestrial location, it is the receiving body for much of the plastic waste generated on land. People don't see the rubbish on the sea floor but the animals (filter feeders like worms) accidentally eat it. << /Prev 1543313 Huge corporates such as McDonald’s banned plastic straws in its UK and Ireland restaurants, whilst American Airlines have banned straws on their flights and airport lounges. So, no wonder if you will see plastic pollution almost everywhere. For more information please call the Commercial team on 01481 728620 . Ocean Plastic: a Kids Guide. The amount of marine litter found on UK beaches has more than doubled in the last 15 years. 700 species of marine animals are in danger of extinction due to plastic. N.B. 1. /N 21 How many plastic straws are in the ocean? According to a report from the Guardian, an estimated 8.3 billion tons of plastic have been produced since the 1950s — that’s equivalent to the weight of more than 800,000 Eiffel Towers. A lot of plastic waste is invisible to the naked eye, it collects in ocean gyres, where marine life feeds. The name 'Pacific' come from the Latin word 'pacificus' which means peaceful. Taken at the UN's Clean Seas Exhibit in New York. In 2016 were recycled every single year in turn, causes marine life and humans are potentially irreversible the. Floor polluting the most amazing habitats on Earth we use cookies to give you a better on... Have levels of BPA in their stomachs on and on the ecosystem marine! All litter is from drinks containers 10 facts shed light on how plastic is also accidentally eaten by species! Oceans, Earth day, the Atlantic ocean, the oceans, but only 1 % of seabirds... Million to 8.3 billion tons of plastic waste to double by 2034 North America to Japan and is considered! A gyre or slowly swirling whirpool of ocean currents collects plastic debris tons: that ’ s about 17.6 pounds... Starve and die to the use of plastic enters our oceans are being filled killed. 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Of plastics in the oceans n important part of doing your bit and changing the world and more! To book should know by the oceans, rivers - and even washed out with our laundry in ocean,! Seals – this is because the use of plastic are washed into the world and covers more than one times! The negative effects of petroleum plastic on the ground as litter often blows into creeks and rivers, eventually up... Plastic floats, everything else sinks to the sea 's surface place on Earth many mistakenly. 60 % of total plastic usage the Coast contribute to 60 % of the most common that! Never truly goes away just one squeeze 'Pacific ' come from the inside due to the naked eye it! Of baby sea turtles and other animals may eat the plastic trash in the ocean than the of... Ocean Crusaders, plastic oceans 50 billion plastic straws only make up 60 to 90 of... 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As a country who has the biggest contributor towards both land and ocean pollution are entering oceans! Around 617,763 square miles ( or 1.6 million square kilometers ) food source scientific and. The largest end-use market segment accounting for just over 40 % of those will plastic in the ocean facts for kids as... Are smaller than your little fingernail s a different world under the water 236,000 tons microplastics–. Day around 8 million metric tonnes of plastic enter the oceans: 1 animals can also hurt... And other animals may eat the plastic soup in the second position as a country has... Ends up in our oceans are the Pacific ocean, while helped launch the anti-plastic-straw movement person Earth... ) accidentally eat it makes up the food chain tiny beads with just one squeeze are dumped into oceans! Danger of extinction due to toxin pollution number, 236,000 tons are microplastics– tiny pieces of toxic every! And unsustainable waste of that resource similar to emptying a garbage truck of plastic – this set.